Nature Scientific Reports FGM, affecting 200 million women, remains a substantial factor in child mortality. Data from 1990-2020 reveals a 50% FGM increase elevates the 5-year mortality by 0.075pp, leading to an extra 44,320 deaths yearly. FGM is thus a leading cause of deaths where practiced.
Victims & Offenders Analysis of Kenya’s medico-legal referral pathway for sexual/domestic violence shows survivor age and forensic evidence as key predictors for case progression. The results reflect cultural perceptions and can guide policies to strengthen the referral pathway.
Journal of Development Effectiveness In Ethiopia, industrial policy showed limited benefits. Using manufacturing data, we found subsidies didn’t enhance productivity and only raised fungible assets. Tax breaks improved productivity but decreased capital, underscoring the importance of stability and bankruptcy protection.
The Leadership Quarterly In the 2009 expenses scandal, an analysis on 636 MPs’ facial appearance found that those perceived as more attractive or with criminal traits overclaimed less. However, MPs appearing competent overclaimed more. The findings link to theories of moral licensing and consistency.
British Journal of Psychology Face matching with static images is error-prone. Interactive 3D viewing significantly enhances accuracy across ’typical’ and ‘superior’ recognizers. By providing structural facial details, this method supports better performance and is promising for forensic and security applications.
Economica Using UK data, the study reveals unemployment between ages 18-20 results in a 1.2% yearly permanent income drop. This “scar effect” lessens at ages 21-23 and vanishes thereafter. The impact is harshest for those at the lower end of the ability spectrum.
BMJ Open In Kenya during COVID-19, children were more likely than adults to face sexual violence in daytime, by a single familiar perpetrator, often neighbors. Study emphasizes age-specific measures for tackling such violence during emergencies.
Nature Scientific Reports In a study on eyewitness identification, matching the angle of perpetrator’s viewing during encoding and testing improved recall. The results underscore the encoding specificity principle and show individuals seek to match study and test environments to aid memory.
American Psychologist Eyewitness IDs can be flawed. We introduced an interactive lineup, allowing witnesses to view faces from multiple angles. Testing with 8,700+ participants, this method outperformed traditional static photo lineups in accuracy, irrespective of racial/ethnic differences.
European Journal of Political Economys Expressive Voting research typically emphasizes what voters support. This paper expands the scope to account for voter opposition or ‘booing.’ Analyzing UK election data, we observe a rising trend in this behavior, discussing its role in recent political polarization shifts.
Frontiers in Global Womens Health During COVID-19 in Kenya, child sexual violence has shifted: victims are younger and more often targeted by neighbors during the day. Given lockdowns and school closures, providing safe alternatives is crucial to reduce risk during such crises.
Covid Economics The ‘Zoomshock’, a result of Covid-19, pushed work into homes, reshaping local service demand. Examining UK data, we find: substantial worker mobility, declining activity in city centres, and a move to suburbs with fewer local services. We discuss post-Covid employment and economic recovery.
Economic Journal Examining voter loss aversion’s effect on electoral dynamics, this paper finds that platform loss-aversion leads to rigidity, while valence loss-aversion increases polarization. Using US House elections data, we observe incumbents adjust less than challengers to voter shifts
European Journal of Political Economy Analysing the effects of ideological diversity in boardrooms, we find a positive correlation with firm performance. However, the causal effect is instead negative, even excluding top management. The implications are discussed in light of growing polarization.
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization Margin calls limit the losses of margin-traders. This study shows these induce lower returns with lottery-like skewness. Analyzing Chinese brokerage data, we observe significant losses for margin traders, suggesting a reevaluation of regulation.
European Economic Review Bayesian Model Averaging has been widely used to address model uncertainty in empirical studies of economic growth. Ciccone and Jarociński (2010) highlighted its sensitivity to the data used. Using updated PWT data, this study meticulously revisits their critique and introduces a constrained agnosticism approach.
Public Choice Paper posits ideology’s effect on US state government size intensifies with state income. Ideology-income interaction drives government size; left-leaning ideologies expand government as income increases. Income elasticities vary by state and time, supporting the theory.
European Journal of Political Economy This paper reevaluates Persson and Tabellini’s analysis of the impact of constitution type on government size, improving methodological refinements. The age of a democracy is crucial, leading to the introduction of two new democracy age measures.
Evolution and Human Behaviour Study suggests fertile women prefer masculine men, shown in a quiz-show experiment where host masculinity varied. Fertile women showed increased romantic attraction and faster responses to masculine hosts, supporting Gangestad and Thornhill’s hypothesis.
Review of Economics and Statistics A simple extension of the Meltzer-Richard model implies that redistribution an public spending depends on income, the identity of the median voter, and their interaction. Using manifesto data, we show the interaction of ideology and mean income has a major role in explaining the increase and divergence in government size observed across OECD countries.