Natural Inequality

Inequality in an Equal Society

Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics We provide new evidence on the extent to which changes in inequality reflect changes in demographics. Recent increases have been in spite of favourable demographic conditions.

May 2024 · Laura Harvey, Jochen Mierau, James Rockey
Comparison with other casues of death

Estimating Excess Mortality due to female genital mutilation

Nature Scientific Reports FGM, affecting 200 million women, remains a substantial factor in child mortality. Data from 1990-2020 reveals a 50% FGM increase elevates the 5-year mortality by 0.075pp, leading to an extra 44,320 deaths yearly. FGM is thus a leading cause of deaths where practiced.

August 2023 · Arpita Ghosh, Heather Flowe, James Rockey
Distributions of Posterior Inclusion Probabilities across data sets

Growth Econometrics for Agnostics and True Believers

European Economic Review Bayesian Model Averaging has been widely used to address model uncertainty in empirical studies of economic growth. Ciccone and Jarociński (2010) highlighted its sensitivity to the data used. Using updated PWT data, this study meticulously revisits their critique and introduces a constrained agnosticism approach.

January 2016 · James Rockey, Jonathan Temple
Marginal Effect of Ideology on Government Spending Conditional on Income per Capita

Ideology and the Growth of Government

Review of Economics and Statistics A simple extension of the Meltzer-Richard model implies that redistribution an public spending depends on income, the identity of the median voter, and their interaction. Using manifesto data, we show the interaction of ideology and mean income has a major role in explaining the increase and divergence in government size observed across OECD countries.

Andrew Pickering, James Rockey
Global Gender Pay Inequality is Getting Worse

The Global Gender Gap in Labour Income

A new economic gender inequality (EGI) measure uses national labour income ratios. EGI equivalent to a billion women unpaid by 2017, driven by gender participation gaps. Asia and Africa see higher EGIs than Europe/Americas. Growth alone won’t bridge the most extreme gaps.

Tewodros Makonnen Gebrewolde, James Rockey, Akbar Ullah