LPS Demand Changes London

Remote Working and the New Geography of Local Service Spending

Remote work reshapes where workers spend time, impacting local personal service demand in England and Wales. A 20% drop in commuting leads to a 7% LPS spending fall. City centres see the largest spending reductions, while increases are widespread. Less affluent areas see fewer remote work benefits.

Gianni De Fraja, Jesse Matheson, Paul Mizen, James Rockey, Shivani Taneja